Bjt as a switch circuit diagram

MOSFET as a Switch

A bipolar junction transistor BJT can be used in many circuit configurations such as an amplifier, oscillator, filter, rectifier or just used as an on-off switch. If the transistor is biased into the linear region, it will operate as an amplifier or other linear circuit, if biased alternately in the saturation and cut-off regions, then it is being used as a switch, allowing current to flow or not to flow in other parts of the circuit. This lab activity describes the BJT when operated as a switch. Switching circuits are significantly different than linear circuits. They are also easier to understand. Before investigating more complex circuits, we will begin by introducing discrete solid-state switching circuits: those built around BJTs. A switch consists of a BJT transistor that is alternately driven between the saturation and cutoff regions. A simple version of the switch is shown in figure 1. When the input equals - V inthe base-emitter junction is reverse biased or off so no current flows in the collector. This is illustrated by the load line shown in the figure. When the BJT is in cutoff, the circuit ideally has the following values:. Condition 1 guarantees that the circuit is driven into the cutoff region by the input. Conditions 2 and 3 assure that the transistor will be driven into the saturation region. An actual BJT switch differs from the ideal switch in several aspects. In practice, even in cutoff there is some leakage current through the transistor. Also, in saturation, there is always some voltage dropped across the transistor's internal resistance. Typically, this will be between 0. These variations from the ideal are generally minor with a properly sized device, so we can assume near ideal conditions when analyzing or designing a BJT switch circuit. An LED driver is shown in figure 2. The driver shown in this figure is used to couple a low current part of the circuit to a relatively high current device the LED. When the output from the low current circuit is low 0 Vthe transistor is in cutoff and the LED is off. The driver is used because the low-current part of the circuit may not have the current capability to supply the 20 mA typical required to light the LED to full brightness. Build the LED switch circuit shown in figure 2 on your solder-less breadboard. The switch is controlled by digital output DO from the Discovery connector. Scope channel 1 will display the voltage across the switch transistor Q 1 V CE and scope channel 2 will display the voltage across the LED.

BJT Transistor as a Switch, Saturation Calculator

Bipolar junction transistors Also known as BJTs can be used as an amplifier, filter, rectifier, oscillator, or even a switch, which we cover an example in the first section. The transistor will operate as an amplifier or other linear circuit if the transistor is biased into the linear region. The transistor can be used as a switch if biased in the saturation and cut-off regions. This allows current to flow or not in other parts of a circuit. A relatively small flow of electrons sent through the base of the transistor has the ability to exert control over a much larger flow of electrons through the collector. Suppose we had a lamp that we wanted to turn on and off with a switch. Such a circuit would be extremely simple, as in the figure below a. Remember that the controlled current through a transistor must go between collector and emitter. Since it is the current through the lamp that we want to control, we must position the collector and emitter of our transistor where the two contacts of the switch were. A PNP transistor could also have been chosen for the job. Its application is shown in the figure above c. Consequently, the transistor cannot turn on. Perhaps, the simplest thing to do would be to connect a switch between the base and collector wires of the transistor as in figure a below. In this state, the transistor is said to be cutoff. If the switch is closed as in figure bcurrent will be able to flow from the base to the emitter of the transistor through the switch. This base current will enable a much larger current flow from the collector to the emitter, thus lighting up the lamp. In this state of maximum circuit current, the transistor is said to be saturated. Of course, it may seem pointless to use a transistor in this capacity to control the lamp. A regular switch will suffice the function instead of a transistor. Two points can be made here. This may be an important advantage if the switch has a low current rating: a small switch may be used to control a relatively high-current load. More importantly, the current-controlling behavior of the transistor enables us to use something completely different to turn the lamp on or off. Consider the figure below, where a pair of solar cells provides 1 V to overcome the 0. Or, we could use a thermocouple many connected in series to provide the necessary base current to turn the transistor on in the figure below. Even a microphone see the figure below with enough voltage and current from an amplifier output could turn the transistor on, provided its output is rectified from AC to DC so that the emitter-base PN junction within the transistor will always be forward-biased:. The point should be quite apparent by now. Any sufficient source of DC current may be used to turn the transistor on, and that source of current need only be a fraction of the current needed to energize the lamp. Here we see the transistor functioning not only as a switch, but as a t rue amplifier: using a relatively low-power signal to control a relatively large amount of power. Please note that the actual power for lighting up the lamp comes from the battery to the right of the schematic. It is not as though the small signal current from the solar cell, thermocouple, or microphone is being magically transformed into a greater amount of power. Don't have an AAC account? Create one now. Forgot your password? Click here.

The Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a Switch

With the help of such analogue switches, digital systems can control the flow of signals in analogue circuits. It is a type of field effect transistor with an insulated gate from the channel hence, sometimes called as Insulated Gate FET or IGFET and the voltage at the gate terminal determines the conductivity. A channel is created when the voltage between gate and source terminals V GS is greater than the threshold voltage V TH. The gate current in either regions of operation is very less almost equal to zero. They are:. In both these regions, the MOSFET is in ON state but the difference is in linear region, the channel is continuous and the drain current is proportional to the resistance of the channel. Semiconductor switching in electronic circuit is one of the important aspects. Assume the device is initially OFF. The voltage across Gate and Source i. This makes the Light to turn ON. This in turn will make the light to turn OFF. It is obvious that you cannot directly control the LED with the help of the microcontroller. You need a device that bridges the gap between the microcontroller and the LED. This device should take in a control signal from the microcontroller usually the voltage of this signal is in the working voltage range of the microcontroller, 5V for example and supply power to the LED, which in this case is from a 12V supply. The setup of the above mentioned scenario is shown in the following circuit. In the above case i. The starting current also called as in-rush current of a motor will be very high. So, even with R DS of 0. Also, when driving a motor, the back emf is an important factor that has to be considered while designing the circuit. Your email address will not be published. Table of Contents. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.

Read More Business ResponseWe appreciate it, Shane. Thank you for your business. Yes No Share on Facebook Share on Twitter They gave me a bunch of options that fit my financial situation. Read More Business ResponseWe appreciate the positive feedback, Zachariah. We're happy we were able to help you find your new Silverado. Thank you for your business and we hope to serve you in the future. Yes No Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Good service, friendly environment.

Read More Business ResponseWe appreciate this, Kathleen. Thank you so much for your business and we hope to see you again. Yes No Share on Facebook Share on Twitter excellent service with kindness MARGARET W. Read More Business ResponseThank you for the kind words, Margaret. It was a pleasure doing business with you and we look forward to seeing you again. Yes No Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Always excellent TIMOTHY C.

Read More Business ResponseWe appreciate it, Timothy. Thank you for your ongoing business and the 5 star rating. Yes No Share on Facebook Share on Twitter My sales associate was amazing in all aspects of the transaction. Never once did I feel pressured or like I wasnt being listened to. The finance department did a grear job as well with getting me a great rate and warranty. Read More Business ResponseWe're thrilled to hear this, Bryan. We really appreciate the positive remarks about your buying experience.

We hope you're enjoying the new Silverado, and we look forward to future encounters. Yes No Share on Facebook Share on Twitter As usual, service was great and staff very friendly and helpful. Kevin (in service) is a real asset to your dealership and seems to go out of his way to assist. He was very helpful in setting up my service call and making sure my needs were met.

Read More Business ResponseWe're extremely happy to hear this, Kenneth. We're so grateful for your business and thank you for such a high rating. We hope to serve you again. Yes No Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Fast and friendly.

Read More Business ResponseThis is what we're going for, David.

ACT Advice: Top 5 Tips on Preparing for the TestLooking for a more concise list of ACT prep tips. Then this guide is for you. In this post, we introduce our top five tips to help you prepare effectively for the ACT.

These include designing an ACT study plan and using your time wisely. How to Beat Procrastination in Your ACT PrepNearly everyone has procrastinated on somethingand many on ACT prep. With school and homework, it can be difficult to find time and energy to study for the ACT. Our tips teach you to hold yourself accountable for your actions and show you how to find the willingness to study. Written by a full scorer (who also got a perfect SAT scoretwice.

Rather than focusing on content, we tell you the key strategies, such as how to find and target your weaknesses, you'll need to know when aiming for perfection.

Our guides above teach you what the ACT is and give you a foundation for your ACT prep. The Best Way to Review Your Mistakes for the ACTMany students take practice tests and drill practice questions without actually stopping to understand what their mistakes mean or how they can use their errors to their advantage.

In this guide, we teach you how to review your mistakes so that you can know your weaknesses and stop making the same mistakes again and again. Should You Guess on the ACT. But how can you guess smartly. This guide offers five key strategies to use in your prep and on test day.

These 15 tips and strategies will improve your ACT section scores and give you the confidence you need for test day. Already Have a High ACT Score. Here, we teach you how to focus your prep, manage your time, and conquer your anxieties to get the high (and perhaps perfect. Low ACT Scores: What Should You Do. Are You Smart but Scoring Low on the ACT. What to DoNot impressed with your ACT scores on practice tests. We cover the best ways to prep for ACT English as well as how to address and fix time-management issues.

The Ultimate Study Guide for ACT English: Tips, Rules, Practice, and StrategiesLooking for a thorough ACT English guide.

This guide is actually a stockpile of all of our best and most helpful ACT English articles. From individual grammar guides to expert strategies, we give you everything you need to know to ace ACT Englishin one convenient resource.

The Complete Guide to ACT Grammar RulesACT English is all about grammar. Check out this article to see all major grammar topics tested on the ACT, from ambiguous references to verbal phrases, in addition to key rhetorical skills, such as redundancy, formality, and conciseness.

The Best Way to Approach ACT English PassagesTo do well on ACT English, you need to have a good passage-reading strategy. This guide goes over what this strategy is and how you can use it on test day to get a high ACT English score.

How to Get 36 on ACT English: 9 Strategies From a Perfect ScorerThis guide contains expert advice, all from a perfect scorer, and teaches you how to get a 36 on ACT English. Key points covered here include how many questions you must get right to get a 36 on English, how to study grammar effectively, and how to identify patterns in your mistakes.

The 31 Critical ACT Math Formulas You MUST KnowMath formulas are critical to doing well on ACT Math. This guide covers 31 major math formulas likely to pop up on the ACT. The Ultimate ACT Math Prep Guide: Strategies, Topics, and TipsThis guide collects all of our best ACT Math articles in one place for you. From strategies to content to expert tips, we cover everything you need to know to get the Math score you want.

Plugging In Answers: A Critical ACT Math StrategyPlugging In Numbers: A Critical ACT Math StrategyOf all math strategies you can use on the ACT, these two are by far the most important.

Transistor as a switch

Comments on “Bjt as a switch circuit diagram

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>